Forum PHP 2017

Microsoft SQL Server

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User Contributed Notes 14 notes

exidas at madnes dot eu
7 years ago
Hi, i was need some short and simple script to list all tables and columns of MSSQL database. There was nothing easy to explain on the net, so i've decided to share my short script, i hope it will help.


$tables = array();
$columns = array();


$tables[] = $fet_tbl[TABLE_NAME];
$columns[] = $fet_tbl[COLUMN_NAME];


$sltml = array_count_values($tables); // HOW MANY COLUMNS ARE IN THE TABLE

foreach($sltml as $table_name => $id) {

"<h2>". $table_name ." (". $id .")</h2><ol>";

$i = 0; $i <= $id-1; $i++) {
"<li>". $columns[$i] ."</li>";

marques at displague dot com
2 years ago
I made this wrapper a few years ago to handle mssql -> sqlsrv_pdo migrations.   It's a drop-in include that provides the mssql_ functions using a sqlsrv_pdo implementation.
thanhha dot phan at yahoo dot com
8 years ago
I got a serious problem with Unicode data when working with PHP and MSSQL. I have to say the PHP and MSSQL doesn't seem to be a good combination.

MSSQL is really complicated to work with since the whole server uses a single character encoding[ucs-2]. In order to store unicode information, the column data types must be specified as one of the national character types, NVARCHAR, NCHAR or NTEXT.

In order to retrieve data saved in unicode format, M$ suggest users to cast columns to binary data.Unfortunately php_mssql extension doesn't support  binary data to be returned in string columns.

My advice is to use FreeTDS driver [it's just an php extension]. This driver seems to handle unicode data better. I can put and receive unicode with casting or change encoding.

A good tutorial "Using freeTDS" can be found here

However, freeTDS is not a perfect solution for unicode data. I'm not able to execute stored procedures with mssql_bind, mssql_bind without having my text changed.
bryanpiercecap at gmail dot com
5 years ago
Here is version 3.0 of the MSSQL PHP driver.
1.1 is severely deprecated.
7 years ago
As of October 2009, the new name is "SQL Server Driver for PHP 1.1"

Go to Microsoft Download Center and search
for "SQL Server Driver for PHP" which should take you to the following link:

But I wouldn't trust it to stay there. Microsoft has been moving a lot of download links lately.
opc dot three at gmail dot com
8 years ago
After extensive research trying to get PHP on Linux communicating with SQL Server 2005 and 2008 including support for all Unicode, MAX and XML data types I could not find any open source solutions...yes, I spent a lot of time trying to get FreeTDS to work to no avail.

I found one free solution that runs on Windows which is to use the "SQL Server Driver for PHP" provided by Microsoft ( The driver relies on the Microsoft Native Client ODBC drivers for SQL Server 2008 (part of the "Microsoft SQL Server 2008 Native Client" which is downloadable from Microsoft) which is why this solution will not work on anything except Windows.

I did find a solution that works for PHP on Linux but it's not free...use the standard PHP::ODBC lib (free) and the Easysoft ODBC driver for SQL Server (not free, but reasonable by Enterprise standards). You can check out the ODBC driver by going here and looking for "Easysoft ODBC-SQL Server Driver"
michal dot kocarek at brainbox dot cz
7 years ago
Microsoft has issued in nearly past Native SQL driver for PHP.
This driver works with MSSQL 2000, 2005 and 2008 servers. Driver is issued as PHP extension. Source codes also available.

The driver supports native conversion to UTF-8, scrollable cursors and other features which this (old) library does not.

For more information and extension download please see
They have also blog on
dimirji1995 at gmail dot com
5 months ago
I spent many days trying to bind PHP with Linux and SQL Server but failed. I saw that the last update about that issue was 7 years ago.

I want to update that theme for everyone who is in searches for the reliable solution.  I didn't find a free and simple way to do that.

I tried a trial version of SQL Server ODBC driver from Devart company and it turned out to be compatible with PHP and has a version for Linux. The driver has a simple configuration and works with PHP on Linux. But it's big minus that it is not free.
1 year ago
I really don't know why these functions are not deprecated yet. There isn't even a built-in way to escape your values, let alone use parameterized queries.

On Windows servers, you should use SqlSrv (, an alternative driver for MS SQL is available from Microsoft: »

On Linux servers, you should use PDO_DBLIB (
ccsalway at yahoo dot co dot uk
7 years ago
Im running PHP 5.3 and used the php development ini and when I use the Microsoft SQL for PHP driver, I get the following error:

[15-Aug-2009 07:48:13] PHP Warning:  PHP Startup: sqlsrv: Unable to initialize module
Module compiled with module API=20060613
PHP    compiled with module API=20090626
These options need to match
in Unknown on line 0
vexx at pisem dot net
6 years ago
this function get inserted ident like function mysql_insert_id()

function mssql_insert_id() {
$id = 0;
$res = mssql_query("SELECT @@identity AS id");
    if (
$row = mysql_fetch_array($res, MYSQL_ASSOC)) {
$id = $row["id"];
8 years ago
On windows, do not use this for mssql 2005 of later.  The methods of access are deprecated.

Use the Microsoft SQL Server 2005 Driver for PHP instead.
Current link is.
tummen at jgd dot se
7 years ago
i struggled with sqlsrv_connect for some time, first i had to get native client 2008 to get it to work, 2005 was not enough.

then i got som note that dll was compiled with wrong version, so i had to use test version 1.1 istead of 1.0 of the client and pick the version called php_sqlsrv_53_ts_vc6.dll

but still no success with connect.

finally i spent 7 hours testing things before i found out:

$serverName = "(local)"; ERROR for me

$serverName = "localhost\myinstansofdatabase"; //WOHOOOO
jezza at 9000internets dot com
6 years ago
Using the new MS driver I have come across a difference between the array that I get back compared to mssql.

Example is here (both return types are associative arrays:

sqlsrv_fetch_array($resource, SQLSRV_FETCH_ASSOC)
"same as" sqlsrv_fetch($resource), as this returns by default an associative array, by default sqlsrv_fetch_array returns both an associative and a numeric array.


array(6) { ["yaxis"]=> object(DateTime)#58 (3) { ["date"]=> string(19) "2010-09-29 00:00:00" ["timezone_type"]=> int(3) ["timezone"]=> string(19) "Australia/Melbourne" } ["xaxis"]=> string(7) "Inbound" ["tt"]=> int(280345) ["ht"]=> int(297219) ["wt"]=> int(16874) ["calls"]=> int(1539) } string(8) ""



array(6) { ["yaxis"]=> string(19) "2010-09-29 00:00:00" ["xaxis"]=> string(7) "Inbound" ["tt"]=> int(280345) ["ht"]=> int(297219) ["wt"]=> int(16874) ["calls"]=> int(1539) } string(8) ""

it would be much too difficult to change a large number of applications to compensate for this.

Found my answer...
add this to your connection objects parameters on instantiation


Found it buried in this article:
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