ftp:// -- ftps://Accessing FTP(s) URLs


Allows read access to existing files and creation of new files via FTP. If the server does not support passive mode ftp, the connection will fail.

You can open files for either reading or writing, but not both simultaneously. If the remote file already exists on the ftp server and you attempt to open it for writing but have not specified the context option overwrite, the connection will fail. If you need to overwrite existing files over ftp, specify the overwrite option in the context and open the file for writing. Alternatively, you can use the FTP extension.

If you have set the from directive in php.ini, then this value will be sent as the anonymous FTP password.


  • ftp://example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftp://user:password@example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftps://example.com/pub/file.txt
  • ftps://user:password@example.com/pub/file.txt


Wrapper Summary
Attribute PHP 4 PHP 5
Restricted by allow_url_fopen Yes Yes
Allows Reading Yes Yes
Allows Writing Yes (new files only) Yes (new files/existing files with overwrite)
Allows Appending No Yes
Allows Simultaneous Reading and Writing No No
Supports stat() No As of PHP 5.0.0: filesize(), filetype(), file_exists(), is_file(), and is_dir() elements only. As of PHP 5.1.0: filemtime().
Supports unlink() No Yes
Supports rename() No Yes
Supports mkdir() No Yes
Supports rmdir() No Yes


Version Description
4.3.0 Added ftps://.



FTPS is only supported when the openssl extension is enabled.

If the server does not support SSL, then the connection falls back to regular unencrypted ftp.

Note: Appending
As of PHP 5.0.0 files may be appended via the ftp:// URL wrapper. In prior versions, attempting to append to a file via ftp:// will result in failure.

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User Contributed Notes 3 notes

php at f00n dot com
12 years ago
For Intranet purposes I found I preferred to move my file via ftp functions to match the session user's ftp account and put the file in a holding bay so I knew who it was from.

The FTP wrapper method will NOT do this if your ftp server does NOT support passive mode.

eg.  an ftp server behind NAT/routing
11 years ago
$str ="replace all contenents";
$opts = array('ftp' => array('overwrite' => true));
$context = stream_context_create($opts);
$strwri = file_put_contents($filew,$str,LOCK_EX,$context);
fazil dot stormhammer dot nospam at gmail dot com
8 years ago
Document says "Allows read access to existing files and creation of new files via FTP. If the server does not support passive mode ftp, the connection will fail. "

As of version 5.2.5 at least fopen("ftp://...") uses an ACTIVE mode connection by default (it issues an FTP PORT command but not a PASV command).  To force passive mode:

$f = fopen("ftp://...");
ftp_pasv($f, true);
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